Root Canal Treatment: What’s Does it Involve? Does it Hurt?
The infected pulp in the teeth needs to be removed. Otherwise, a severe abscess can form in the root of the tooth. The abscess can cause swelling that can spread to the face, neck, or head areas. It can also cause bone loss around the tip of the root as well can drain from the gums into the skin. So, to avoid these problems root canal treatment is essential to prevent further damage. Here are the important pointers that you need to know.
When You Need Root Canal?
You may need a root canal treatment if:
- You have severe pain while eating anything
- Sensitivity to hot or cold
- Tender or swelling gums
- The cracked or chipped teeth
- Severely decayed or darkened gums
A root canal helps to remove the bacteria from the infected root canal and prevent the reinfection to help save the natural tooth. During the root canal treatment, the infected pulp is removed and the tooth is cleaned, disinfected, filled, and sealed.
Root Canal Operation: How Does it Work?
The treatment is performed in two or more appointments. For a more complicated condition, your dentist will refer you to a more specialist known as an endodontist.
Savvy Ottawa dentist will take an X-ray of the affected tooth to know the severity of your condition. You will be given local anesthesia that will numb the area of the infected tooth and the gums around it. If a tooth is already dead and is no longer sensitive, then the local anesthesia will not be required.
- Removal of the Infected Pulp
A rubber sheet known as the dam will be placed around the tooth to make sure that the tooth is dry during the treatment. It is useful in preventing the swallowing or breathing of chemicals used by the dentist.
The dentist will access the soft tissue (pulp) at the center of the tooth through the crown and will remove the remaining infected pulp or the dental abscess in the tooth at the same time.
- Cleaning and Filling of the Root Canal
After cleaning the pulp, the dentist will clean and enlarge the root canal as it is very narrow and difficult to fill. The dentist will enlarge the root canals to make them of a regular shape so it is easier to fill them.
It is carried out in a number of hours and may take more than one visit to complete the procedure. If the treatment requires more sessions to complete, the dentist will put a small medicine in the cleaned canal to kill any bacteria.
Then the tooth is sealed with the help of a temporary filling. You will be prescribed some antibiotics that you can take to prevent any infection.
- Sealing and Fixing the Tooth
The temporary filling and the medicine will be removed at the next visit. It will be inserted with root canal filling and will be sealed to prevent any reinfection. Your dentist will suggest you place a crown over it as soon as possible to prevent it from getting damaged.
- Placing the Crown
It is very important to place a crown over the tooth to prevent it from getting fractured. You can choose from metal, porcelain, ceramic material, or powdered glass materials of crowns.
Do Root Canals Hurt?
Root canals are often associated with pain by most of the people. With the use of modern technology and anesthesia, dental procedures have become safer, easier, and pain-free.
The root canal procedure is done with the help of anesthesia that makes it a painless procedure. It is similar to getting a dental filling placed that is not at all painful.
If a person feels an abnormal pain that lasts a long time, it may be due to:
- Swollen or inflamed gums after the dental procedure can cause some discomfort. It is because there are some nerves in the ligaments and tissues even after the removal of the nerve root from the tooth that can become inflamed and cause pain.
- The dental instruments used for cleaning out the root canal can damage the surrounding sensitive tissue that can cause some pain.
- If the temporary filling is too high and is smoothed out, it makes it harder to bite and causes tooth sore.
If the sensitivity and pain do not go within a few days, then you must call your dentist right away.