Chipped and cracked teeth
Chipped and cracked teeth are ones that have experienced some form of physical trauma, causing damage to the exterior portion of the structure. This exterior part is composed of enamel, a hard substance designed to protect the interior soft pulp and nerves. When a tooth is chipped or cracked, the damage is often noticeable and can lead to major dental problems if left untreated.
At Alberta Street Dentistry, our dentist is capable of diagnosing the issue and offering personalized treatment to help you recover your smile.
Is It Chipped or Cracked?
There is a difference between a chipped and a cracked tooth. Chips, in general, are when an entire part of the enamel is missing, but a piece small enough to not cause any pain. This is because only the hard surface layer has been affected. Chips do not cause any major dental problems initially but can, over time, weaken the structure of the tooth.
A crack, on the other hand, is when the tooth has been split by damage. Sometimes the crack only affects the surface enamel, but on occasion, the split can go all the way down to the root. The crack can cause devastating pain, but others might not have any effect at all.
Our dentist is able to diagnose both issues and can recommend the following treatments based on your personal situation.
There are multiple treatments available, depending on the severity of your dental damage. Chips can be repaired through dental bonding or the application of a synthetic crown to create a new cusp. If you have a large chip, you might need a root canal to repair damage all the way down to the base of the tooth.
For cracks, treatment varies considerably. Some cracks are so mild they require no assistance, but others might need one of the following:
- Dental bonding
- Root canal
- Tooth splint
There are many causes of dental chips and cracks. The most common are regular tooth decay and physical injury caused by trauma, but you can also damage your teeth through bruxism.