Toothache Triggers, Symptoms and Treatment Options
What Triggers Toothaches?
Quite a number of dental illnesses are known to be associated with extreme tooth pain. Below is a list of them.
Taking a bite on hard objects or mouth trauma often results in a tooth fracture, which triggers a severe toothache. Severe bruxism is also known to cause teeth damage and tooth pain. You are likely to experience tooth sensitivity when taking cold or hot drinks if your tooth is fractured.
Tooth pulp inflammation
When extensive decay has occurred in the pulp cavity, the pulp becomes irritated and inflamed, leading to a condition known as pulpitis. This is associated with severe and frequent tooth pain. This is because the pulp has large numbers of nerve endings and blood vessels.
Red, hot, or swollen gums are indications of gum disease. If the sufferer does not seek proper medication, the infection will spread, resulting in pain and bone loss.
The gum conditions can also deteriorate, causing them to form pockets that accumulate more bacteria. With time, the gum detaches from the teeth exposing the roots to decay. This makes the affected teeth sensitive to touch, cold, and chewing.
When bacteria build up inside the pulp cavity, dental cavities are formed. If left untreated, the cavities result in the formation of an abscess. To make matters worse, the infection in the pulp chamber tries to come out via the tip of the tooth’s root. The continuous attempts to drain itself creates pressure that causes extreme pain. Sometimes swelling occurs.
Decay refers to enamel erosion caused by plaque. Plaque is a layer of bacteria that feeds on starch and sugars from small food particles that are stuck in the mouth. During the breakdown, process acids are produced. The acid eats away the top layer that protects the teeth, causing holes to develop at the enamel. As time passes, the holes enlarge in size, breaking down the enamel and forming a cavity.
At first, no pain will be felt, but that does not mean that the decay has stopped spreading. It will go further inwards towards the dentin. Due to the nerve endings present, tooth sensitivity becomes an inevitability.
Wisdom teeth are the most affected with teeth impaction because they are the last set of teeth to erupt. Impaction occurs when teeth are blocked from growing in their natural positions by other gums, teeth, or bone. This forces the teeth to remain beneath the gums, creating a mixture of pain, pressure, and jaw soreness.
When Should You Seek Medical Treatment for a Tooth Pain?
Irritation can cause minor tooth pain, which subsides after some time. However, if the pain lasts for the next 24 hours, book an appointment with Albert Street Dentistry in Canada and have our dentists examine and treat it. Other signs that should make you consider booking an appointment include:
- Troubled swallowing or breathing
- Severe pain
- Headache or fever that occurs when you open your mouth.
A treatment plan that fits your situation will be laid out depending on the cause of your pain.
If cracks are the probable cause, your dentist will mend it or suggest the best treatment option for you. If it’s decay or cavities, your teeth will be cleaned and fillings put in place.
Home Remedies for Dental Pain
- Over-the-counter pain relievers – Medication such as aspirin can be used to relieve minor pains.
- Elevate your head – When experiencing tooth pains, the last thing you would want is blood rushing to your brain. This is known to intensify the pain. Prop your head a bit higher than the body to prevent blood from rushing in to your head.
- Use mouthwash to rinse your teeth – The alcohol found in mouthwash will numb and disinfect your teeth.
- Avoid pain triggers – Eating cold, acidic, or hard foodstuffs can intensify the tooth pain and aggravate any formed cavities. Try to avoid them.
According to a study done in 2015, the following natural herbs and leaves were found to relieve tooth pain as well:
- Sunflower leaves
- Tobacco leaves
- Mango bark
- Guava leaves
In order to avoid any allergic reactions to the oils or plants used, consult with your dentist and doctor before opting for any of these natural remedies.